“The emotional, sexual, and psychological stereotyping of
females begins when the doctor says it's a girl”. Over 160
million females are not allowed to be born in Asia through
sex selective abortions. Gender discrimination starts when
the fetus is inside the womb.
“100 million women have been missing in South Asia due
to 'discrimination leading to death' experienced by them
from womb to tomb in their life cycles”. So, sex selection
and its abortions are not only a legal but also an ethical
and social issue that has been under debate from many
years both in academic and mainstream literature.
Although, women are independent in today's world, the
tradition always considers the male as the head,
especially in the Eastern world. Women in our culture are
still reflected as inferior. This discrimination affects women
throughout their lives. Abortion is the process of fetus
termination. This may be induced or spontaneous in
nature. Sex-selective abortion is to end a pregnancy,
related to the expected gender of the fetus. Now-a-days
there are a lot of technologies available to know the
gender of the fetus inside the womb of the mother but
these are being misused. (Thiele & Leier, 2010) mentions
that a woman or a couple can ensure giving birth to a
child of a preferred sex for medical, personal, cultural, or
economic reasons (p.54).
The aim of writing this paper is to compare the benefits as
well as the negative aspects of the sex selection and its
abortion. Moreover, to discuss the roles and responsibilities
of the leaders and nurses is to address this highlighted issue
in developing countries like Pakistan. For literature search
Keywords “Gender Selective abortions” and their effects”
were searched in CINAHAL and Google Scholars. Initially
many articles were found but related articles were taken
from the search for this comparative writing.
Gender selection in Pakistan
Gender selection is a big issue that prevails around the
globe and Pakistan is also its victim. Sex selective abortions
are more common in areas where cultural norms and
values prefer male children over female children;
especially in Asian countries for example China, India, and
Pakistan. Contrar y to this, recent studies have
demonstrated that this is not just an Asian phenomenon but
the whole world including the developed countries is also
the prey of this furious act.
There are many causes that force women and families for
gender selective abortions, which ultimately affect
women's health and lifestyle. Gender selective abortions
should be banned because these are the leading cause
of gender disparity, increased physical ailment, and raised
psychosocial issues among females.
100 million little girls, or maybe more than that lose their lives due to gender discrimination. If a woman gives birth to a
baby girl, she would become an object of shame to her entire family. Also, the baby girl and the woman herself would be
treated in ways unimaginable. This is not only a legal but an ethical issue which deeply effects the societies and its roots.
The purpose of this paper compare the benefits as well as the negative aspects of the sex selection and its abortion. It
also focuses on the roles of the nurses in education of the communities to reduce it, also recommendations are given to
help in the reduction of these problems. The role of the leaders, nurses and religious persons is vital in reducing the
increasing load of this phenomenon in the world and particularly in Pakistan.
Key words: Gender Selection, Abortion, Sex Selection, Gender Disparity, Discrimination.
* Vice Principal, New Life School of Nursing, Karachi, Pakistan.
** Registered Nurse, Department of Cardiology Medicine-inpatient, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.
YOUNAS MASIH *
GENDER SELECTIVE ABORTIONS SHOULD BE PROHIBITED
SALIMA SALEEM MITHANI **
i-manager’s Journal o Vol.
n , 5 No. 3 Nursing August - October 2015